The human presence in the region of the Macedonian Olympus is dated back to prehistory, traced with successive settlements which were favored from the natural advantages of the area (water sources, building materials, natural shelters, logging and hunting, agriculture and livestock), as well as from its strategic location near the coast and the main access to the north and south mainland.
The archaeological image of Pieria, a region traditionally linked to the first core of the kingdom of Alexander the Great, perfectly matches from the Neolithic Era to the Early Iron Age with the exciting image of Greece as a whole… The Thessalian – Euboean cultural circle is the closest. The transitions, the differences and changes in passing from one era to the next, are consistent and parallel to those in southern Greece.
In summary, one can say that the region’s prehistoric and protohistoric finds simply annotate its ancient Greek names with a progressive aura, thanks to their Homeric character and the myth accompanying them. They all describe the nature of their sites: Platamon truly is a rock by the sea, Leivithra are indeed water channels, Pibleia is rich in water, Petra is in fact a rock, Dion is a sacred place, Pieria is a fertile land, etc.
Written by: Effie Poulaki Pantermali